Acne

  • What is it?
    • Chronic inflammatory disease of pilosebaceous follicles
    • Common condition affecting skin of most people to a varying degree and for varying periods. One peak is ages 10-20. Another peak is ages 20-40 (women more often than men)
    • Characterized by comedones, pustules, and inflammatory papules
  • What causes it?
    • May be hereditary
    • Affected by hormones and bacteria
    • Not affected by foods
  • Treatments
    • Topical Medicines
      • Antibiotics
        • Clindamycin (Cleocin, Clindet)
        • Erythromycin (Delmycin, Theramycin, Benzamycin, T-Stat, Erycette, Emgel, Erygel)
        • Sulfa (Sulfacet, Novacette, Klaron)
      • Retinoids
        • Differin
        • Retin A
        • Avita
      • Benzoyl Peroxides (Benzac, Brevoxyl, Triaz, Sulfoxyl, Panoxyl)
      • Azaleic Acid (Azelex)
    • Cryotherapy
    • Acne Surgery
      • Tools needed: Comedone extractor, #11 blade, 2×2 gauze
      • Oral Antibiotics
        • Minocycline (Dynacin, Vectrin, Minocin) – side effects: headaches, dizziness, hives
        • Doxycycline (Monodox, Doryx) – side effects: GI disturbances, esophagitis, photosensitivty
        • Tetracycline (Sumycin) – side effects: photosensitivity, GI disturbances
        • Sulfa Drugs (Bactrim, Septra) – side effects: allergy
        • Erythromycin
        • Ampicillin
      • Cortisone Injections
      • Hormone Therapy
      • Accutane